Cerebral infarction (“stroke”) is a rare but serious condition
that can result when doctors improperly use tools such as forceps or vacuum
during delivery to assist difficult birth. In a
neurology article from 1980 written by Uros Roessmann, M.D. and R. Tyler Miller, J.M.S., a case study
is presented in which a baby girl suffered a middle cerebral artery occlusion
after a high forceps delivery attempt.
Once the child was born, the baby did not cry or breathe. After resuscitation
efforts, she began breathing on her own after 30 minutes. She was intubated
and later began suffering seizures. After being transferred to a children’s
hospital, the child was described as having a severely molded (deformed)
head with cephalohematoma (bleeding in the head), large hematoma behind
the left jaw, and bruises covering the right side of her head. Blood was
also discovered in her ear canals. Facial weakness was apparent, and she
exhibited decreased movement in her limbs.
She required medication for the seizures. Hemorrhages were found in her
eyes, whose pupils were only sluggishly reacting to light. Later that
evening, the child lost muscle tone as her pulse and respiratory rate
slowed. By the fourth hospital day, the child had died. An autopsy revealed
severe external head trauma. The cause of death was traumatic occlusion
of the middle cerebral artery, which is a stroke in one of the major blood
vessels in the brain, brought about because of the forceps use during
her traumatic birth.
Other documented cases of middle cerebral artery blood clot and stroke
have happened because of birth trauma.
If your child has suffered a serious and preventable birth injury, we invite
you to contact a Chicago birth injury lawyer at Beam & Raymond to
talk about your options.
You and your child deserve justice – call (312) 487-2454 to
get in touch with an attorney.
Source: The American Academy of Neurology. Neurology. 1980 Aug; 30(8): 889-92.